The promise of improved efficiency, security, and flexibility continues to lure more organizations to the cloud. However, they still need to keep an eye on the safety and privacy of their confidential data. Why? Because during the cloud migration process, the security protocols implemented in the enterprise do not necessarily work the same way in the cloud. Companies must combine elements of technology, process, and people for strong security, but unfortunately, most miss the “process” and “people” categories during cloud migration. Despite the complexities involved in cloud migration, many enterprises have already made large-scale cloud moves, which means the process can be improved by learning from the errors committed by others. Check out the common cloud migration pitfalls and errors companies make while switching their infrastructure to cloud service providers:
Implementing a poor cloud migration strategy
In the next couple of years, the method of updating applications preferred by most organizations will be transitioning them to the cloud. However, a lot of companies may be prone to moving too rapidly while analyzing the different approaches of moving to the cloud. Companies need to consider various factors while getting an application to the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) environment before they settle on the right one. This way, they will not end up choosing a method that’s incompatible and spend a lot of money without any positive results.
Assess your company’s application portfolio
Take into account whatever you have, especially the apps you will be migrating to the cloud. For that reason, it is best to opt for portfolio analysis, whether through a consultant or internally. This will provide the opportunity to become familiar with the applications that are ripe for a move. When you try to move all your systems and apps to the cloud at once, you tend to get overwhelmed and commit expensive mistakes.
Keep in mind that most firms develop two categories of applications — ones that are ideal for replacement and others that are optimized for migration. Also, base your decisions on compliance or security concerns. Although the cloud is a safe computing location that adheres to strict regulations, it isn’t ideal for transferring apps that contain highly confidential and critical data upfront.
Avoid extensive cloud customization
You do not want to commit the error of assuming that every cloud system is the same. But, at the same time, it is not a good idea to form a cloud infrastructure setting that’s extensively customized. It might make it harder for you to systematize your approach and implement it company-wide for app migrations. Such a scenario may arise when your company is handled by a single department, which employs security policies, personalized management protocols, and service settings that are too specific to be of any use all across the company.
Always perform an upfront business analysis
Know more about the advantages and understand the value of your savings after implementing a cloud deployment over your existing setup. Think about what’s important — whether improving your performance or saving money — and also consider the tools needed to fulfill this project successfully.
At the same time, discuss ways to save as much as you can while maintaining the best speed for optimization. You might find it extremely time-consuming to select the right tools for the job since you can’t choose the first search tool for migration that pops up on Google.
Have a realistic idea about the timeframe
Most companies think cloud integration is quick and easy. Although the process is simple, it often makes IT environments more complicated because companies integrate the cloud with in-house apps and infrastructure. In that case, you must consider integration before cloud adoption.
Make sure you have a broad design in place for your architecture throughout every system. Keep track of what’s owned, borrowed, and accessed. Also, be prepared to make any adjustments to the code so that the app works correctly in the cloud setting. For example, you might be asked to alter the code so that it utilizes cloud storage instead of a local file system.
Prioritize your company’s security policies
In several cases, you might notice that your firm’s security policies deviate from standardization, and lack complete coverage and consistency. This is especially noticeable when you’re transferring infrastructure to the cloud. Check whether your cloud company offers user access and authorization, system and app configuration, event logging and monitoring, network traffic, and other security specifications.
Do not expect the policies to go away after transferring to the cloud; if anything, they might actually get a lot stricter. Thus, it is important to have different layers to your current security position if you wish to keep your data and systems safe and secure in the cloud setting.
Never fall short on the training
It has been seen time and again that IT professionals lack a lot of knowledge when it comes to the cloud compared to other technologies, especially when they start setting up the cloud migration process. And recruiting people who have expert knowledge on the subject isn’t always an option because it can be prohibitively expensive. But having a thorough insight into the cloud enables you to minimize how long it takes to complete the transition and avoid the most common of all cloud migration pitfalls — unexpected and frustrating problems.
Also, you cannot discount the possibility that once you’re done moving, you might find out that the on-site system is still as disorganized as ever, just now on the cloud servers. Having the right provider on your side offers you the help you require for seamless migration.
Understand cloud hosting properly
When adopting IaaS, don’t think that all cloud hosting is the same thing. Sure, several aspects are shared by different cloud infrastructure solutions, like virtual servers and storage. But there are certain elements of individual cloud hosting environments, such as features, billing plans, and the complexity of application and network services available. Concentrate more on the performance and security, and how they vary from one provider to the other.
Avoiding cloud migration pitfalls by following the above-mentioned steps not only saves a lot of time but helps you achieve the efficiency, flexibility, and performance you’re looking for.
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For a case study of one company’s migration to cloud, including motivation, migration process, and lessons learned, see an article I posted at https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/one-companys-migration-from-on-premise-cloud-mark-chopping/