Probe for MAC addresses


  • Method 1
    If you have NT’s Resource Kit, it includes getmac.exe which will query NT boxes for this information.
    I don’t know if getmac works when querying Win9x. If you enter getmac
    without parameters, it looks at the local nics. For example:

    C:\>getmac

    Transport Address Transport Name
    —————– ————–
    00-50-DA-BD-0F-BC \Device\NwlnkNb
    00-50-DA-BD-0F-BC \Device\Nbf_El90x1
    00-50-DA-BD-0F-BC \Device\NetBT_El90x1

    The obvious limitation is that its a Microsoft-centric utility.
    Will it successfully query nics used by linux or other OSs? No. To see available
    commandline options, type getmac /? which will display:
     

    Displays Network Transports and Address Information
    GETMAC [\\computername] or [computername.domain.com]


    You can use the following batch files as starting points for grabbing mac
    addresses from NT boxes.

    getmaclist.bat :

    date /t > allmacs.txt
    time /t >> allmacs.txt
    net view | find “\\” > maclist.txt
    for /f %%a in (‘type maclist.txt’) do call getmacadr %%a

    A little explanation:

    date /t > allmacs.txt create file
    allmacs.txt and write current date to file

    time /t
    >> allmacs.txt add line with current
    time to file allmacs.txt

    net view | find “\\” >
    maclist.txt get lists of domain members the
    PC is a member of and write results to file maclist.txt

    for
    /f %%a in (‘type maclist.txt’) do call getmacadr %%a reads maclist.txt and sends each line(hostname) to be processed
    by batch file getmacadr sending it hostname as parm %%a


    getmacadr.bat is a oneline batch file:

    getmac %1 >> allmacs.txt

    which calls the reskit utility getmac with parm of hostfrom_maclist.txt and
    writes the results out to allmacs.txt.

    This is fairly primitive DOS style scripting resulting is an unprocessed raw
    listing. Its a starting point. If you need to move the information into access
    or sql, consider using a powerful scripting language like perl. Additional
    comments:

    net view takes the /domain: parm, so getmaclist.bat
    can be extended to get list of active hosts in a domain as in:

    net view /domain:workgroup | find “\\” > maclist.txt
    net view /domain:your_acct_domain | find “\\” >> maclist.txt
    net view /domain:resourcedom1 | find “\\” >> maclist.txt et cetera


  • Method 2
    ping broadcast mask
    arp -a

    The Windows
    NT FAQ
    site documents a way to use this approach which gets around the
    limited functionality of NT’s ping. Search their site using keyword arp to find the specific article. Arp has the advantage that
    it works if the nic has ip loaded.


  • Method 3
    nbtstat -a machinename
    -or-
    nbtstat -A
    ipadress

    nbtstat is a Microsoft targeted utility working against NT, W2K, and
    Win9x hosts. If your site uses, DHCP:


  • Method 4
    dhcpcmd <DHCP server> enumclients
    <sub-net address> -h

    dhcpcmd is a Windows NT Resource Kit utility. -h specifies detailed
    hardware info (i.e. MAC address)


  • Method 5
    Probably the best method is to pull the mac data from your
    routers using an snmp utility or from a network sniffer (assuming the sniffer is
    on a backbone segment where it can sniff packets from most devices).

If your issue is to control the MAC address of your own NT workstation:

For most NICs, navigate to:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\<NICDriver<X>>\NetworkAddress

where <NICDriver<X>> is the name of the driver
for your NIC plus a number (usually 1). From there you would set the value of
NetworkAddress to whatever you want your MAC address to be. Deleting the key or
setting the value to an empty string will cause the MAC address to default to
the Hardware address.

For Compaq network adapters:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\Net\000<x>\
NetworkAddress

where <x> is the number of the network adapter.

For Windows 2000, Microsoft used a variant of Compaq’s approach:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\<One
Big number>\<One Little Number>\NetworkAddress

where <One Big number> is some kind of driver ID and
<One Little Number> is the NIC’s sequential number within the system.

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