The information provided in this paper covers the most basic and fundamental tools and technologies cybercriminals create and use to enhance their business from data collected and analysed by Trend Micro. For instance, the Russian market specializes in selling traffic direction and PPI (Pay-Per-Install) services. Traffic direction services are intended to help increase the number of visitors to a selected website.
The paper also provides pricing snapshots gleaned from underground forums in order to paint a comprehensive picture of the Russian underground economy and how much it resembles real-world business. The interesting part is that even though the prices of most products and services sold in the Russian underground market have been decreasing, that does not mean that business is not doing well for cybercriminals. It can even mean that the market is growing, as we see more and more product and service offerings as time passes.