Option 5 : Exponentially

ST 1: Reasoning & Mental Ability

7404

15 Questions
15 Marks
15 Mins

__Explanation:__

If the system is underdamped it will swing back and forth with decreasing size of the swing until it comes to a stop. Its amplitude will decrease exponentially.

\(x\left( t \right) = {e^{ - \xi {ω _n}t}}\left( {A{e^{i{ω _d}t}} + B{e^{ - i{ω _d}t}}} \right)\)

**Overdamped System:** ζ > 1

\(x(t) = A{e^{( - \xi + \sqrt {{\xi ^2} - 1} ){ω _n}t}} + B{e^{( - \xi - \sqrt {{\xi ^2} - 1} ){ω _n}t}}\)

This is the equation of aperiodic motion i.e. the system cannot vibrate due to over-damping. The magnitude of the resultant displacement approaches zero with time.

**Underdamped:** ζ < 1

\(x\left( t \right) = {e^{ - \xi {ω _n}t}}\left( {A{e^{i{ω _d}t}} + B{e^{ - i{ω _d}t}}} \right)\)

\(x(t) = A{e^{ - \xi {ω _n}t}}\sin ({ω _d} + \phi )\)

This resultant motion is oscillatory with decreasing amplitudes having a frequency of ω_{d}. Ultimately, the motion dies down with time.

**Critical Damping:** ζ = 1

\(x(t) = (A + Bt){e^{ - {\omega _n}t}}\)

The displacement will be approaching zero with the shortest possible time.